Analysis of Macronutrients and their Effect on Health and Disease


There are three macronutrients: fat, protein, and carbohydrates. You may have heard the phrase “essential fatty acids” and “essential amino acids.” But have you ever heard of “essential carbohydrates”? Omega-3 and Omega-6 as well as Linoleic acid and Linolenic acid are essential fatty acids. Essential amino acids are Histidine, Isoleucine, Leucine, Lysine, Methionine, Phenylalanine, Threonine, Tryptophan, and Valine.


The obvious question is therefore, what are the essential carbohydrates? Would you be surprised to know that there are none? Then why does the bottom of the food pyramid show that high carbohydrate foods are supposed to be the foundation of your diet? Why would you eat 65% of your daily calories from food that does not contain essential nutrients?

Several unhealthy things happen when you eat carbohydrates. Your body converts them to glucose. Your body then secretes insulin into the blood stream which in turn signals the body to store this excess glucose as fat.

Fat cells secrete a hormone called leptin which increases insulin resistance. This makes it harder for your cells to utilize the insulin and absorb the glucose. So more insulin and more glucose remains in the blood. Your body will try to get rid of the excess glucose by sending it out through the kidneys, cause kidney damage. Elevated blood glucose causes an increase in pro-inflammatory markers in the blood. More inflammation can induce diabetes, heart disease, cancer, kidney disease, and autoimmune disorders.


Nutrition “experts” try and make a distinction between healthy and unhealthy carbs. There is no such distinction. All carbs cause a rise in blood glucose, requiring insulin. Whole grain bread will spike your blood sugar just as much as white bread, or more. Once it is converted to glucose, it’s all unhealthy. Studies have shown that both sucrose in a candy bar and fructose in fruit both induce the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines. The same goes for grains, beans, potatoes, and other starchy vegetables. They all convert to glucose.


Another unhealthy thing happens when you eat a slice of whole wheat bread, a piece of fruit, or a candy bar. Because you find these foods pleasurable to eat, they produce a rush of serotonin and dopamine in the brain. These are the same chemicals that flood the brains of drug addicts when they take their drug of choice.


After I had been on the keto diet for a couple of weeks, a strange thing happened. I just lost interest in food. Mealtime would come and if I was busy with something that interested me, it was easy to just choose to not eat. I was no longer starving or feeling like I couldn’t wait for my next meal. This is something I had never experienced before. I had been dieting all my life, and hunger had always been a real problem. It always drove me to eat more or more often than I should. But once carbohydrates were out of my diet, there were rarely any cravings for food. When your meals consist of fat and protein, meals are satisfying and you can eat as much as you want without triggering addictive tendencies.


The Ketogenic lifestyle is really the only one that I can recommend. Not only will you lose weight and improve blood glucose readings, but many chronic conditions will improve.


Details of the Ketogenic Diet


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